Jones fractures can be the result of a sudden trauma or something that occurs over time due to overuse and repetitive stress (stress fracture). High arches may be a contributing factor due to increased pressure that is placed on the outside of the foot.
Symptoms of a Jones Fracture
Typical symptoms include:
- Pain or achiness on the outside of the foot
- Swelling and/or bruising
- Walking with limp
Some patients can describe exactly when the injury occurred while others report an achiness or soreness that has been present for some time. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek a proper medical attention to reduce the risk of a worsening condition.
Diagnosing a Jones Fracture
Dr. Perler will examine the foot and discuss how long you have been experiencing pain and how the injury occurred. X-rays most likely will be ordered. In some cases Jones fractures do not show on initial x-rays and additional imaging may be necessary.
Treatment of a Jones Fracture
Complete healing of a Jones fracture may take longer than the 6-8 weeks required for most other fractures. This can be attributed to the limited blood supply to the area.
In most Jones fracture cases, conservative treatment will be recommended and may include:
- Non-weight bearing: Keep weight of the foot, crutches or a knee-roller may be used
- Walking boot/cast: to protect the healing bone and keep it immobile
- Anti-inflammatory medication: to reduce swelling and pain
In cases where the fracture didn’t properly heal or the fracture fragment is displaced, surgery may be recommended, especially in active patients such as athletes, or individuals with a high demand job who wish to avoid the lengthy natural healing process of a Jones fracture and opt for surgery right away. During Jones fracture surgery a specially designed anatomically shaped plate and small screws are inserted to stabilize the fracture. To further facilitate healing, a bone graft may be inserted and/or the use of regenerative medicine may recommended. Surgical treatment of a Jones fracture typically allows for a significantly quicker return to activity.